- (1881–1938)Among the leading theoreticians of Austro-Marxism, Bauer also played an important part in the practical work of the Austrian Social Democratic Party (SDAP). Following the death of Viktor Adler in November 1918, he served as foreign minister of the new Austrian Republic until 1919. Bauer was also his party’s leader. He functioned in the latter role until 1934, when, after the February Uprising, which ended in a smashing defeat for Austria’s SDAP, he fled Austria for Czechoslovakia. Here Bauer founded and headed the office of his party in exile. Four years later he died in Paris.Bauer’s most important theoretical work took up the question of how nationalism and international socialism were to be reconciled (The National Question and Social Democracy, 1907). Like many Austro-Marxists, he argued that socialists should treat their proletarian constituents as individuals. Regardless of their ethnic identity, workers should be given the opportunity to better themselves through education. Linguistically and nationally different though they might be, they could all be part of a larger cultural community. Though Bauer generally hoped to realize the SDAP agenda through parliamentary and peaceful means, he did not rule out the use of violence altogether, especially should the opposition to the party program itself become undemocratic. His opinion, and that of others like him, was expressed in the Declaration of Linz in 1926. This statement also justified dictatorship should the counterrevolutionary bourgeoisie refuse to accept socialist measures, however democratically adopted. The middle class and peasant population of the First Austrian Republic remained wary of such rhetoric, which identified Bauer with the left wing of his party.
Historical dictionary of Austria. Paula Sutter Fichtner. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
BAUER, OTTO — (1881–1938), Austrian socialist leader; first foreign minister of the Austrian Republic (1918–19). Bauer, the son of a Jewish industrialist, became one of the most important Austro Marxist theoreticians soon after joining the socialist movement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Bauer, Otto — ▪ Austrian political leader born Sept. 5, 1881, Vienna, Austria Hungary died July 4, 1938, Paris, France theoretician of the Austrian Social Democratic Party and statesman, who proposed that the nationalities problem of the Austro Hungarian … Universalium
Bauer, Otto — (1881–1938) Austrian socialist leader. A leading theoretician of the socialist movement in Austria, Bauer was appointed foreign minister in the first republican government set up in 1918, at the end of World War I. He resigned a year later… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Bauer, Otto — (1881 1938) Austrian socialist leader. Born in Vienna, he studied at the University of Vienna and co founded the monthly Der Kampf. As a leader of the neo Marxian school in Vienna, he was secretary to the socialist faction in the Austrian… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Bauer, Otto — ► (1881 1938) Político, economista y pensador austríaco, jefe del Partido Socialdemócrata de su país. Entre sus obras destaca La cuestión de las nacionalidades y la socialdemocracia austríaca (1907) … Enciclopedia Universal
Otto Bauer — (* 5. September 1881 in Wien; † 5. Juli 1938 in Paris) war ein österreichischer Politiker und ein führender Theoretiker des Austromarxismus. Er war von 1918 bis 1934 stellvertretender Parteivorsitzender der Sozialdemokratischen Arbeiterpartei… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Otto Bauer (pornographic actor) — Otto Bauer Born February 19, 1969 (1969 02 19) (age 42) Alias(es) Otto, Otto Baure, Otto Baumer Height 6 2 Weight 185lbs … Wikipedia
BAUER (O.) — BAUER OTTO (1881 1938) Tenu pour un des plus éminents représentants de l’austro marxisme, Otto Bauer s’inscrit dans la lignée antidogmatique de la pensée marxiste en s’efforçant de créer une troisième voie entre le bolchevisme et la social… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Otto Haupt (Mathematiker) — Otto Haupt (* 5. März 1887 in Würzburg; † 10. November 1988 in Bad Soden) war ein deutscher Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Schriften 3 Ehrungen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bauer — Bauer, Bruno Bauer, Otto … Enciclopedia Universal